IMF Urges Pakistan to Tax Crypto Gains for $3B Bailout

Key Takeaways:

IMF’s conditional support: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is offering Pakistan a $3 billion bailout package but has attached conditions related to taxing crypto gains. This suggests that the IMF sees regulating cryptocurrency transactions as crucial for Pakistan to stabilise its economy and manage its fiscal policies effectively.

Recognition of cryptocurrency’s economic impact: The IMF’s insistence on taxing crypto gains underscores the growing recognition of cryptocurrencies’ economic significance. By acknowledging the potential revenue from taxing crypto transactions, the IMF is signalling that these digital assets are no longer peripheral to the global economy but integral components that governments must account for in their financial strategies.

Potential impact on Pakistan’s fiscal policy: Implementing taxes on crypto gains could significantly affect Pakistan’s fiscal policy and revenue generation. The government may need to establish frameworks for effectively monitoring and regulating cryptocurrency transactions. Additionally, it indicates a recognition of the need to address potential tax evasion or avoidance within the burgeoning crypto market.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has recommended Pakistan impose taxes on cryptocurrency gains as part of its conditions for a $3 billion bailout package.


According to local news outlet The News, the IMF asked Pakistan’s Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to Charge Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on cryptocurrency investments. The four-day IMF review began on March 14, 2024, highlighting that if Pakistan agrees to the conditions, around $1.1 billion will be disbursed. During the review talks around a $3 billion stand-by arrangement (SBA), the IMF recommended that Pakistan’s FBR impose taxes on crypto capital gains. According to The News, the country has been asked to review the taxation of real estate and listed securities. The move comes amidst Pakistan’s economic challenges and the growing global digital asset regulation trend.

Economic Struggles and IMF Bailout

Pakistan’s economy has been grappling with various challenges, including fiscal deficits, inflation, and external debt. Amidst these difficulties, the country sought assistance from the IMF to stabilise its economy and address pressing financial concerns.

The IMF’s proposed bailout package of $3 billion has certain conditions to improve Pakistan’s fiscal situation and promote economic reforms. The IMF’s recommended tax adjustment suggests plans to collect yearly taxes on capital gains on real estate assets, irrespective of whether the owner chooses to sell or retain the property. The new tax rules in the real estate market suggest that property developers would have to comply with stricter tracking and reporting requirements supported by hefty fines for non-compliance. The call for taxing crypto capital gains comes nearly one year after the minister of state for finance and revenue, Aisha Ghaus Pasha, mentioned that the country would never legalise crypto trading.

Taxation of Cryptocurrency Gains

One of the key conditions set forth by the IMF is the taxation of crypto gains. This recommendation reflects a broader global trend where governments and international organisations increasingly focus on regulating the rapidly evolving cryptocurrency market. Pakistan aims to generate additional revenue and address its fiscal deficit by taxing crypto gains. The taxation of cryptocurrency gains poses both opportunities and challenges for Pakistan.

On one hand, it provides the government with a new source of revenue, tapping into the growing popularity of digital assets. Additionally, regulating the crypto market could enhance investor confidence and create a more stable financial environment. However, implementing effective taxation policies for cryptocurrencies requires careful planning and consideration. 

Cryptocurrencies operate decentralised and borderless, making it challenging for governments to track transactions and enforce tax regulations effectively. Moreover, the volatile nature of cryptocurrency prices adds complexity to the taxation process. Determining the tax liabilities associated with crypto gains requires establishing clear guidelines and frameworks, which may require significant resources and expertise. Furthermore, the imposition of taxes on cryptocurrency gains could impact investor sentiment and the overall growth of the digital asset market in Pakistan. High tax rates or stringent regulations may discourage participation in the crypto space, limiting its potential to contribute to economic growth and innovation. Balancing the need for taxation and fostering a conducive environment for crypto adoption and investment is essential for Pakistan’s long-term economic prospects.

Regulatory Framework and Market Dynamics

The IMF’s recommendations likely include the development of a comprehensive regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies in Pakistan. Establishing clear guidelines for crypto exchanges, custodians, and other service providers can help mitigate money laundering, fraud, and market manipulation risks. A robust regulatory framework not only protects investors but also promotes the healthy growth of the cryptocurrency market. Moreover, Pakistan’s approach to regulating cryptocurrencies may influence regional dynamics and international perceptions of its stance on digital assets.

Pakistan has the opportunity to position itself as a forward-thinking and innovative player in the crypto space by implementing effective regulations that strike a balance between fostering innovation and mitigating risks. The IMF’s recommendation for Pakistan to tax cryptocurrency gains as part of its $3 billion bailout package reflects the growing importance of digital assets in the global economy. While taxation can provide additional revenue and contribute to economic stability, it also challenges regulation, enforcement, and market dynamics.

Fhumulani Lukoto Cryptocurrency Journalist

Fhumulani Lukoto holds a Bachelors Degree in Journalism enabling her to become the writer she is today. Her passion for cryptocurrency and bitcoin started in 2021 when she began producing content in the space. A naturally inquisitive person, she dove head first into all things crypto to gain the huge wealth of knowledge she has today. Based out of Gauteng, South Africa, Fhumulani is a core member of the content team at Coin Insider.

View all posts by Fhumulani Lukoto >

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